Bowman, Bob, Hanging a Dead Man. Texas Escapes.com. Bob Bowman’s East Texas Column. March 14, 2010. Hanging a Dead Man. (texasescapes.com)

Browning, John. Forged in fire – The W.J. Durham story. Rockwall County Herald Banner. 28 July 2006. Date Accessed 30 Aug 2020. https://www.rockwallheraldbanner.com/opinion/forged-in-fire-the-w-j-durham-story/article_a2bec117-2601-59ce-b862-a398253ec06e.html

Crabb, Beth. “May 1930: White Man’s Justice for a Black Man’s Crime.” The Journal of Negro History 75, no. 1/2 (1990): 29-40. Accessed August 26, 2020. http://www.jstor.org/stable/2717687.

Davis, Kendall. May 9th, 1930–Mob Burns the Grayson County Courthouse. Lake Texoma Magazine. October 2017. lake texoma magazine kendall davis may 9, 1930 – Bing

The Story Progressed: 1930 Grayson County Courthouse Riot and the Murder of George Hughes by Kevin Nelson. Lake Texoma Magazine. The Story Progressed: 1930 Grayson County Courthouse Riot and the Murder of George Hughes by Kevin Nelson (laketexoma.com)

Denton-Record Chronicle. “Grayson Grand Jury Believed Probing Riot.” 6 June 1930. https://search.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/sse.dll?db=News-TE-DE_RE_2&h=487790593&ti=0&indiv=try&gss=pt

Dunkirk Evening Observer. “A Texas Mob Lynched Negro and Burned Courthouse.” 12 May 1930. https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/7960/images/NEWS-NY-DU_EV_OB.1930_05_12-0005?pId=487763973

Equal Justice Initiative, Lynching in America: Confronting the Legacy of Racial Terror (3d Ed., 2017).

Lynching in America: Confronting the Legacy of Racial Terror (eji.org)

Hart, Brian. Handbook of Texas Online, “SHERMAN, TX,” accessed August 10, 2020, http://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/online/articles/hds03.
Uploaded on June 15, 2010. Modified on March 8, 2019. Published by the Texas State Historical Association.

Helena Independent. “Texans Refuse to Punish Mob that Lynched Negro.” 18 Nov. 1930. https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/6638/images/NEWS-MT-TH_HE_IN.1930_11_18_0001?pId=487966721

Kumler, Donna J. “They Have Gone from Sherman”: The Courthouse Riot of 1930 and Its Impact on the Black Professional Class, dissertation, December 1995; Denton, Texas. (https://digital.library.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metadc277801/: accessed August 26, 2020), University of North Texas Libraries, UNT Digital Library, https://digital.library.unt.edu; .

Mexia Weekly Herald. Sherman Riot Told Jury in Austin Court. 5 June 1931. https://www.ancestry.com/imageviewer/collections/50300/images/NEWS-TX-TH_ME_WE_HE.1931_06_05_0004?pId=488313860

Nelson, Kevin M. Lynching and the Law—The Bending of the Legal System. Albany Law School, Critical Race Theory Class PDF LYNCH BY KEVIN (anyflip.com)

Phillips, Edward H. (1987) “The Sherman Courthouse Riot of 1930,” East Texas Historical Journal: Vol. 25: Issue. 2, Article 6. Available at: https://scholarworks.sfasu.edu/ethj/vol25/iss2/6 or at The Sherman Courthouse Riot of 1930 (sfasu.edu)

R.L. Polk & Co. R. L. Polk & Co’s. Sherman City Directory, 1925, book, 1925; Pg. 307.Sioux City, Iowa. (https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth113798/: accessed August 30, 2020), University

of North Texas Libraries, The Portal to Texas History, https://texashistory.unt.edu; crediting Austin College. https://texashistory.unt.edu/ark:/67531/metapth113798/m1/309/?q=279

Sherman Texas – The Official Website. Sherman, Texas: Rich Past – Exciting Present – Solid Future. Accessed August 10, 2020. https://www.ci.sherman.tx.us/314/History-of-Sherman#:~:text=Sherman%20was%20founded%20in%201846,1848%20to%20its%20present%20site.

Texas Escapes. Grayson County Courthouse. http://www.texasescapes.com/CentralTexasTownsNorth/Sherman-Texas-Grayson-County-Courthouse.htm. Date accessed 30 Aug. 2020.

Texas State Library and Archives Commission. “Proclamation of Martial Law in Sherman, May 10, 1930” Texas Governor Dan Moody records, Box 2007/170-53. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Page last modified: August 14, 2019.
https://www.tsl.texas.gov/governors/personality/moody-sherman-1.html

Texas State Library and Archives Commission. “Statement from Frank Hamer, May 13, 1930” Texas Governor Dan Moody records, Box 2007/170-53. Archives and Information Services Division, Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Page last modified: August 14, 2019. https://www.tsl.texas.gov/governors/personality/moody-hamer-1.html

Thompson, Nolan, “Sherman Riot of 1930,” Handbook of Texas Online, accessed June 01, 2021, https://www.tshaonline.org/handbook/entries/sherman-riot-of-1930.

Books / Thesis

Bills, E.R., Black Holocaust: The Paris Horror and a Legacy of Texas Terror. Eakin Press: Fort Worth, TX. 2015.

H Gordon Frost and John H Jenkins. I’m Frank Hamer: The Life of a Texas Peace Officer. Austin Statehouse Press, 1993.

McElroy, Njoki. 1012 Natchez: A Memoir of Grace, Hardship, and Love. Brown Books Publishing Group: Dallas TX. 2009.

Murphy, Thomas Michael. History of the Sherman Riot. Austin College. Graduate Division, Department of History, 1931. Thesis.

Raper, Arthur F. The Tragedy of a Lynching. Dover Publications Inc. Mineola, New York. 2003.

Pelley-Smith, Betty. Harvest of Tears. Zone Press: Denton, TX. 2007.

Williams, Dusty. The Poor Farm of Grayson County, Texas. Self-published: 2017.

Press Coverage

Newspaper Columns
Vintage

Sherman Democrat– available at: Sherman Daily Democrat – The Portal to Texas History (unt.edu)

May 4,5,6,9,11,12,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,23,25,26,27,28,29,30, 1930

June 2,5,10,13,15,16,18,19, 1930

August 7, 1930

September 10,15,30, 1930

October 30, 1930

November 17, 1930

May 29, 1931

June 1,2,3,4,5,19, 1931

July 2, 1931

August 7, 1931

Denison Herald– available at: The Denison Daily Herald – The Portal to Texas History (unt.edu)

May 5,6,8,9,11,13,15,16,18,20,23,25,29, 1930

June 10,13,15,18, 1930

August 7, 1930

September 10,15,30, 1930

October 30, 1930

November 17, 1930

June 1,4,5, 1931

July 2, 1931

August 7, 1931

Dallas Morning Newsavailable at Search Results – Dallas morning news – 637,010 Results – The Portal to Texas History (unt.edu)

May 4,6,10,11,12,13,14,15,16,17, 1930

Modern

Dallas Morning News-“Grayson County’s Missing Marker,” Sanders, Ryan, Opinion Section, Friday,

May 20, 2021, Page 12A. Available at:

Grayson County is struggling to reckon with a century-old lynching (dallasnews.com)

Herald Democrat

“Black Business District to be Honored,” Hutchins, Michael, Front Page, Saturday-Sunday

February 6-7, 2021, Page 1A.

“George Hughes, the Riot of 1930,” Hutchins, Michael, Front Page, Saturday-Sunday
February 6-7, 2021, Page 1A.

“Monument Plan Hits Snag,” Hutchins, Michael, Front page, Tuesday March 9, 2021, Page 1A.

“Remembering Our Tarnished History,” Hutchins, Michael, Front Page, Wednesday, March 10, 2021, Page 1A.

“Site Documents More Than 700 Texas Lynchings,” Barnes, Michael, Opinion Section, Saturday-Sunday, March 20-21, 2021, Page 6A.

“Learning From the Past,” Hutchins, Michael, Front Page, Tuesday, May 11, 2021, Page 1A.

Washington Post

“In Texas, a struggle to memorialize a brutal lynching as resistance grows to teaching historical racism,” Trent, Sydney, Retropolis Section, posted Thursday, June 3, 2021.
https://www.washingtonpost.com/history/2021/06/03/sherman-riot-texas-lynching-marker/

Television Coverage:

KXII,” Black History Presentation, Part 2” Feb 19, 2019 (as presented on YouTube Sep 2019).

Texoma Black History Month – Part 2 The Sherman Riot of 1930 – Bing video

KXII, “Local Historian Works to Get Mark at the Grayson County Courthouse,” Feb 8, 2021.

Local historian works to get mark at the Grayson County courthouse (kxii.com)

KXII, “Awaiting Approval, Local Historians Push for Historical Marker of 1930 Sherman Riot,” May 24, 2021.

Awaiting approval, local historians push for historical marker of 1930 Sherman Riot (msn.com)

“Sherman Riot of 1930,” Stevenson, Robert M., Director/Producer/Editor, Austin College. Graduate Division, Department of History, 19XX (?). VHS Tape.

Blogs

“Strange Fruit and Spanish Moss,” Farlow, Drew., Collection of News Articles from Galveston Daily News (Galveston, TX), May 10, 1930, includes snippets from AP, Pittsburg Courier (Pittsburg, PA), and El Paso Evening Post (El Paso, TX).

“This Day in Texas History: Sherman Lynch Mob Touches off Riot,” Author unknown, May 9, 2013, http://texasasiseeit.net/blog/this-day-in-texas-history-sherman-lynch-mob-touches-off-riot/